Reflection – Like first, who you may love

Many may define dating as a stage in which two people come together with the potential of becoming more then acquaintances. It’s the stage of creating a romantic/sexual relationship in which most of us strive for. As online dating is itself a structured market, it may portray people as “objects” themselves. We consume to hinder uncertainties and satisfy our wants (Zakelj. T, Kocon. D, Svab. A, Kuhar. R, 2015, p. 10). With technology advances, connecting and meeting with people seems an easy venture. In order for someone to find companionship, stability, or be desired, dating consists of time invested in another person. This led me to question dating today and how people seem to be using the Tinder app to meet new people that may live in near proximity. I interviewed two people in order to question today’s dating practices. First interviewing my grandpa in order to understand dating back in his time. I then interviewed my friend who covers 18-24 year old target market of apps like Tinder. I was to question whether people preferred meeting offline initially or felt assisted with online social media networks in accessing personal information beforehand. I wanted to know if they thought it was fate offline or a proactive search online that determined more successful meetings.

Does online dating determine the level of offline success?

If we were to meet that special someone, how do we know that we have met the one for us? Is it at that place, at that time, with people we already know? I found this an interesting topic to research, identifying the importance of photograph selections in online profiles, how these applications allow for a greater scope of potential partners and how these platforms are used as a form of mobile entertainment. Through such storytelling I was able to consider the world through how today’s culture uses technological platforms to dispense information to the public (Barton.G and Bauguley.M, 2014, p. 94). As the project was “limited in time” (Terzieva. M and Morabito. V, 2016, p. 3) I was able to consider intuitive, incidental, retrospective and prospective approaches of learning (p. 4), particularly when conducting interviews and collecting secondary research, which questioned my “established knowledge” (Terzieva. M and Morabito. V, 2016, p. 3) on online dating framworks.

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Platforms used

I decided to use Prezi, to create viewer interaction with the chosen layout illustrating buttoned paragraphs. I chose to then present this Prezi on my blog to demonstrate the cohesion with my past blogs to make use of people, media and space. Prezi doesn’t need to be linear, as people can skip certain pages. As online dating is particularly based on profile searching, I thought placing this on my blog would show how my work demonstrates research I have done, in identifying trends and past studies for others to question and interpret. Blogging has become a comfortable documentation and research tool for me to utilise, in which I felt that using it for this project would appropriate for others to question and give feedback.

Challenges

During this project I felt challenged in the way of first presenting a topic that I found useful to research and second how to ask questions in my interviews to get adequate answers. Many have personal thoughts when it comes to engaging with online dating platforms in how they connect with others. I interviewed my grandpa, as his stories from his past inspired me to question current times in the way we communicate, particularly with technology. The idea of courtship was presented a lot during these past stories in the way respect was given differently. Another challenge would be that I myself couldn’t compare those days to now first hand, so with the little knowledge my grandpa had about technological applications I had to describe them. Before I conducted the interview, it was implied that I present prepared questions prior to achieve ease in conversation and validate my “curiosity in learning” (Jacka. M, 2016, p. 42).  I was aware that project management research consisted of “treating a project in isolation” in which I was to deliver and “well-define” (Jiang.A and Klein.G, 2014, p. 15) the time to complete, to which I had to revolve around other subject constraints.

Usefulness

During this project I felt that using other people’s stories particularly in carrying out ethnographic research practice, allowed me to collaborate. I was able to outline similarities with today’s online generation and to also identify a sense of jealously when talking to my grandpa about not having technology as a key social saviour. A key focus when researching ‘online dating’ was the danger of meeting unknown personal. Information given may not be truthful therefore anyone could be misleading online. Media industries should consider how these programmes may encourage misleading identities and therefore harm to potential victims.

Future research

Even in social situations, people still used Tinder on their mobile phone. It would be interesting to further identify motivations of online dating apps in social contexts. Not only do these apps seem to connect people but then also manage to create discussion with already established relations. Therefore it would be interesting to identify how personality in written practices could overcome the initial appeal of one’s physical allure. People’s motivations need to be researched in how reliant the internet is, as this may determine the number of singles that never find their match.

References

Barton.G and Bauguley.M, 2014, Learning through story: A collaborative, multimodal arts approach, English Teaching: Practice and Critique, Vol 13, No 2, pp. 93-112, http://eds.b.ebscohost.com/eds/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=bdcd6b85-6694-4f1d-9ecc-f71ecca0118d%40sessionmgr120&vid=4&hid=121, Accessed 19/10/16

Jiang.A and Klein.G, 2014, Special Section: IT Project Management, Journal of Management Information Systems, Vol. 31, No. 1, pp. 13–16, http://eds.a.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.uow.edu.au/eds/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=6aba7de1-1859-42a8-881b-53a38d4f02b8@sessionmgr4009&vid=2&hid=4203, Accessed 19/10/16

Žakelj. T, Kocon. D, Švab. A, Kuhar. R, 2015, INTERNET DATING AS A PROJECT: THE COMMODIFICATION AND RATIONALISATION OF ONLINE DATING, Druzboslovne Razprave, Vol. 31 Issue 78, pp. 7-24, http://eds.a.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.uow.edu.au/eds/detail/detail?vid=5&sid=1e15e991-9dac-457f-b7b2-3075139d2c95@sessionmgr4007&hid=4202&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWRzLWxpdmU=#AN=115442092&db=sih, Accessed 10/10/16

Terzieva. M and Morabito. V, 2016, Learning from Experience: The Project Team is the Key, Business Systems Research, Vol. 7 No. 1, pp. 1-16http://eds.a.ebscohost.com/eds/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=4dd7c467-0263-47d2-a7b0-7dd0ddf2daaf%40sessionmgr4009&vid=3&hid=4203, Accessed 18/10/16

Jacka. M, 2016, GETTING MORE from interviews, Internal Auditor,  Vol. 73 Issue 2, p38-43, http://eds.b.ebscohost.com/eds/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=6d55692f-4b24-41ed-bd88-44b439326fe0%40sessionmgr106&vid=3&hid=121, Accessed 19/10/15

 

 

 

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Reflection Time

When identifying the relationship between people, place and media, one should consider the connection between motivation and time dispense of media usage. Through the seven topics including Television transition, ethnography collaboration, internet power, cinema spaces, privacy in the media, attention limits and finally piracy, classification and restriction in the media. This clarified how people, place and media create a new diversifying culture. Blogging has formed a new way of dispersing information, which helped me seek collaboration and connect with others whilst questioning my own research queries. User engagement not only involves one’s own research but to reflect and give feedback to others, for instance I had used Twitter to encourage readership. Through working within a media space, collaboration between other students and individuals interviewed, has reflected how I have expanded additional concepts to create a collective idea of how people are influenced by media and where they are impacted.

Through the use of blogging I have understood how knowledge accumulates and that research and collaboration are essential. Blogs should be educational, interactive and appealing in which they project different forms of human decision making. I did identify how the blogging practice unifies self-presentation, feedback management and readership expectation in order for one to learn (Huang. Y and Lo. Y, 2012, p. 210). When engaging in online conversations, I had utilised hyperlinks to additional articles for webpage interaction. The way I presented information, emphasises the way my viewpoint challenges or complies with another’s. Feedback may complement my viewpoint or guide and discover further considerations. For one blog for an organisation, acts as one voice to many, however multiple viewpoints make blogging complex (Dennis. A, Minas. R, Lockwood. N, 2016, p. 169). The practice furthermore acts as both a private and professional identity (Kirkup. G, 2010, p. 76), which illustrates how one might comprehend ones attitude, atmosphere, personal awareness and opportunities of outside cognitive influences (p. 79).

When I engaged with others, the microblogging tool known as Twitter and WordPress which have both allowed me to reach more people using the #BCM240. I was able to capture the attention of other blog users with the use of other hashtags like the ‘internet’ and therefore permitted me to explore others in the same manner. As Twitter promotes, expresses and engages audiences to views an individual’s work or opinions, the audience should be considered as “active, interactive, and equal participants of an ongoing communication process” (Kim. Y, Kim. Y, Wang. Y, and Lee. N, 2016, p. 505). My feedback from task one had noted that I should add twitter to my WordPress page, to which I had attained and therefore created a more connected platform. Social media therefore becomes the basis of expressing one’s self and social identity which shape and become strong stimuluses in online activity (p.518).

The topic of Ethnography identified the idea of collaboration between myself and other blogs throughout the blogging process. For ethnography involves how a person’s view, use of signs, exchanges and spaces, perform differently to them then I would view. (Paulsen. K, 2009, p. 509). Additionally, some stages required me to interview an individual in order to draw my conclusions which gave further depth in my reflection. I was able to establish bonus logical thinking in identifying different points to verify my thoughts. Whilst performing this with the use of the internet, a ‘convivial tool’ which displays polarizing attitudes (Wicker. S and Santoso. S, 2013, p. 45), I had illustrated my vulnerability with having needed its resources.

As “technology amplifies human forces”, media spaces need to consider the pursuit of an intention either economically, politically or culturally (Toyama. K, 2016, p. 29). For I had understood its use to be taken for granted, it does essentially power dispersal of logical thought.

I now understood how media spaces engage in ‘ritualised media use’, for instance going to a cinema creates part of media culture (Punik. M, 2015, p. 52). The confliction with TV and cinema spaces had acknowledged the decline in cinema goings (p.60). As TV is more privatised, isolated and individualised, it is consumed in small groups. These topics had made me realise how I limited my time watching TV programmes or watching films and if I had been interactive at all during these times. Now due to mobile devices and the internet, the cinema experience may be decimated. Cinema spaces consider socialising as an influential dynamic, as a person develops a “practical sense” or “reason” through interacting (p.71). When interviewing, for these topics I was able to collect secondary studies that allowed me to consider my own views and that of the subject.

The topic of street photography argued a sense of personal violation in an age of privatisation (Miles. M, 2015, p. 272). When asking for someone’s photograph for this blog post I was required to ask them for permission to display their visible representation. We ourselves have the right to control access to ourselves and therefore have the right to limit that access from others (p. 276). I was able to look into how digital images are dispersed uncontrollably across the internet.

There is both selective exposure and selective avoidance behaviour when one is to connect with media usage (Jang. S, 2014, p. 668). I was able to perform an experiment on the topic of attention, in which I identified how media multitasking has set the saturation of current media use (p. 670) which would seem to be sometimes ‘pushed’ than ‘pulled’ (p. 684).

The topic of ownership in relation to intellectual property online, had bought me to consider statistics in illegal downloads. I had identified that the roles of producer and audience have now combined (Ekstrand. V and Silver. D, 2014, p.  97). Works have been used as a ‘new social commentary’ in which culture has remixed, making them difficult to manage (p. 103). For many want to perceive downloads as ‘own able’ than purely streamed, I for instance have always bought my music from iTunes and have purchased physical films on DVD.

Through the past nine weeks, collaborative ethnography and use of blog execution have allowed me to gather past studies and primary qualitative resource methods to identify current trends. Feedback is an important tool in creating value and that I have utilised to predict future guidance in my blogging performance. I have taken more time to edit and furthermore have made people read over my work, in order for them to reach their own assumptions from my research. I have now identified how the media space predicts the density of human constructs in relation to how I interact with the media and with others.

References

Punik. M, 2015, Cinema culture and audience rituals: Early mediatisation of society, Anthropological Notebooks. Vol. 21 Issue 3, p51-74, http://eds.a.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.uow.edu.au/eds/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=ec9d2850-c77e-4239-8d57-fa1f6ba67c9b@sessionmgr4009&vid=1&hid=4105, Accessed 25/09/16

Kim. Y, Kim. Y, Wang. Y, and Lee. N, 2016, Uses and Gratifications, Journalists’ Twitter Use, and Relational Satisfaction with the Public, Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, Vol. 60 Issue 3, pp. 503-526, http://eds.b.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.uow.edu.au/eds/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=307b0031-1a52-469d-b54d-6de39ef6905d@sessionmgr102&vid=1&hid=114, Accessed 25/09/16

Kirkup. G, 2010, Academic blogging: academic practice and academic identity, London Review of Education, Vol. 8, No. 1, pp. 75–84, http://eds.b.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.uow.edu.au/eds/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=c7582f02-f653-4b8f-9a7b-eec1069aa27f@sessionmgr103&vid=1&hid=114, Accessed 25/09/16

Dennis. A, Minas. R, Lockwood. N, 2016, Mapping the Corporate Blogosphere: Linking Audience, Content, and Management to Blog Visibility, Journal of the Association for Information Systems, Vol 17, issue. 3, pp. 162 – 193, http://eds.b.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.uow.edu.au/eds/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=fa62832e-c36e-4e9b-8a14-16109ecdc3c5@sessionmgr104&vid=1&hid=111, Accessed 25/09/16

Huang. Y and Lo. Y, 2012, What makes blogging attractive to bloggers: a case of college-level constituency users, Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, pp. 208-221, http://eds.b.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.uow.edu.au/eds/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?vid=5&sid=e4907dba-7a2f-4fc5-9b97-49f6d953dda9@sessionmgr106&hid=111, Accessed 25/09/16

Miles. M, 2015, Photography, Privacy and the Public, Law, Culture and the Humanities, Vol. 11, No. 2, pp. 270 – 293, http://eds.b.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.uow.edu.au/eds/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=dac9fd9f-1bd8-4bd9-ae27-d7384d2bd0a3@sessionmgr106&vid=1&hid=103, Accessed 01/09/16

Toyama. K, (2016), Viewpoints – Global Computing – The Internet and Inequality, Communications of the ACM, Vol. 59, No. 4, pp. 28-30,http://eds.a.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.uow.edu.au/eds/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=557b60b1-4111-499a-98db-40b45d903b7f@sessionmgr4010&vid=1&hid=4105, Accessed 18/08/16

Wicker. S and Santoso. S, (2013), Viewpoint – Access to the Internet Is a Human Right,  communications of the acm, Vol. 56, No. 6, pp. 42- 46,http://eds.a.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.uow.edu.au/eds/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=54d37119-429c-409c-a80f-cecc7042e118@sessionmgr4007&vid=1&hid=4105, Accessed 17/08/16

Paulsen. K, 2009, Ethnography of the ephemeral: studying temporary scenes through individual and collective approaches, Social Identities Vol. 15, No. 4, pp. 509-524, Accessed 11/08/16,http://eds.b.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.uow.edu.au/eds/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=4a952e95-3c64-4ae8-b715-e14135bacce1@sessionmgr106&vid=1&hid=117, Accessed 03/09/16

Jang. S, 2014, Challenges to Selective Exposure: Selective Seeking and Avoidance in a Multitasking Media Environment. Mass Communication & Society, Vol 17, pp. 665–688, http://eds.b.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.uow.edu.au/eds/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=20c63bbf-a994-43c5-89b2-46da5567c820@sessionmgr101&vid=1&hid=103, Accessed 01/10/16

Ekstrand. V and Silver. D, 2014, Remixing, Reposting, and Reblogging: Digital Media, Theories of the Image, and Copyright Law, Visual Communication Quarterly, Vol 21, pp. 96-15,http://eds.b.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.uow.edu.au/eds/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=de4016b5-ebaa-453a-b0c1-fd722db48cc3@sessionmgr120&vid=1&hid=119, Accessed 22/09/16

Sharing is Baring

As mobile phones are renowned as devices of mobility, its technology is practical and inexpensive to the general public. Our mobiles are connected to our private lives, into the disclosure of public spaces. With the changes of the internet space, government, corporate and individual areas are concerned, in addition with reputation costs due to this increase in exposure. Information that is exposed to the wider eye of the public looks at how people can judge. As it takes in consideration the idea of free speech, free access to information has resulted in adjustments to the public, social responsibility and directness of information. (Schwartz.A, Timbolschi-Preoteasa.M, 2015, p. 33)

Internet service providers can act as gatekeepers of online communication. However as the internet is largely unregulated, private ownership, global reach and legislative diversity still with its technical interactions is still unregulated at an international level (Schwartz.A, Timbolschi-Preoteasa.M, 2015, p. 35)

Information these days takes a digital form, transforming the way people interact, from physically reading a newspaper or buying a CD to now allowing producers to maintain digital files that may be shared and not diminished. Piracy reasons have indicated that people see the delay or restriction to access content outside Australia and are reluctant to pay for online entertainment. Piracy, is the attainment or use of a copyrighted work without compensation (Holm. P, 2014, p. 61). Copyright has illustrated the creator’s exclusive rights over their original expression (Barkachi. P, 2014, p. 21) in which restriction to reuse someone’s work is infringing on that persons ownership rights. As the online world promotes ideas and encourages discussion, online piracy looks into property, freedom, human motivation and culture. The Labour governments push for an internet filter, had brought forward a risk to free speech and digital independence, however this filter was widely opposed.

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Consumer participation has evolved to ‘read and write’ from ‘read only’. This shift from passive participation to active creation, has promoted artistic development and wide spread reach (Barkachi. P, 2014, p. 24). Piracy however has reflected the consumer demand which is unmet by genuine supply. Films don’t get released on legally stands for a few months with higher prices and small availability at a certain time (p. 25). In conditions of how ‘own-able’ music is, older people are considered unlikely to pirate but rather pay for music and stream with the result of owning the download (Weijters. B, Goedertier. F, Verstreken. S, 2014, p. 548). A study showed how stream ripping has increased by 8% in the last year, with 73% of users not thinking that they are committing any crime (Moskovitch.. G, 2016). Music consumption services such as Rapidshare, Spotify and YouTube, which are alternatives to piracy sites which also looks into how consumers may not engage due to ethical reasons (p. 538).

In 2011 the game ‘Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 3’ resulted in 3.65 million being downloaded illegally (Holm. P, 2014, p. 63). The computer gaming industry is trying to destroy piracy through social and educational resources. (p. 65). Once one person is able to break into the system, it then has no value as it can then be released and downloaded (p. 66). Gaming piracy considers the time to install and the continual need for internet connection. Online gaming brings together a social aspect in playing with other people, however some of these particular downloads hold malware and viruses that deflect consumer engagement (p. 69). Companies like iTunes and Netflix display their content as cheap and easily attainable, tempting people to go ahead with pursuing legally (p. 71). Musicians and authors have taken extra methods to make personal connections with fans to keep them from downloading illegally (p. 73).

Social media collaborative nature has challenged copyright as images have become more complex messages that challenge legal concepts such as ownership and imitation. Copyright considers the thing it protects more than cultural processes and effects by that thing. Today we exist in an “infinite multiplicity of coding’s” to which we have become decoding agents (Ekstrand. V and Silver. D, 2014, p.96). Both producer and audience roles have become emerged in social media structures which as confronted the facility of legal guidelines to manage intellectual property online (p. 97). Posting of digital works draws to whether the distribution is for their worth or whether who accesses it is beneficial and at what expense (p. 104).

Constant vigilance is required on shutting down sites, or making it less of an attractive experience for the end user (Dreier. T, 2016)

Digital watermarking has been used with companies like Irdeto and NexGuard. In which viewers each get a watermark which helps to know where the pirated streams originate which then stops serving that viewer (Dreier. T, 2016). The attitudes of music listeners illustrate the value of the music. These days’ consumers feel as if they should have access to music when they want and how they want to listen to it, which is freely. A study showed that 20% of the American population take part in pirated sites in which 18-34 year olds seem more predominant (Hassan. C, 2016)

In today’s generation it would seem a major challenge for industries to sell their digital property for imbursement and value of worth, as consumers consider these digital works as dispersals that have essentially always been unrestricted. I believe that it reasonable to make everyone pay for works that were not given for free. People need to understand property and how people should receive the royalties for digital work distribution.

 

References

Moskovitch.. G, 2016, MEET THE NEWEST PIRACY THREAT FACING THE MUSIC BIZ, Tonedeaf, http://www.tonedeaf.com.au/487992/meet-newest-piracy-threat-facing-music-biz.htm, Accessed 23/09/16

Hassan. C, 2016, Is the Streaming Industry Lying About Piracy?, Digital music news, http://www.digitalmusicnews.com/2016/03/31/is-streaming-making-piracy-worse/, Accessed 22/09/16

Dreier. T, 2016, Online Video Piracy: Serious Threat or Seriously Overblown?, Streaming Media. Com, http://www.streamingmedia.com/Articles/Editorial/Featured-Articles/Online-Video-Piracy-Serious-Threat-or-Seriously-Overblown-111676.aspx, Accessed 22/09/16

Ekstrand. V and Silver. D, 2014, Remixing, Reposting, and Reblogging: Digital Media, Theories of the Image, and Copyright Law, Visual Communication Quarterly, Vol 21, pp. 96-15, http://eds.b.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.uow.edu.au/eds/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=de4016b5-ebaa-453a-b0c1-fd722db48cc3@sessionmgr120&vid=1&hid=119, Accessed 22/09/16

Holm. P, 2014, Piracy on the simulated seas: the computer games industry’s non-legal approaches to fighting illegal downloads of games, Vol. 23, No. 1, pp. 61–76 http://eds.a.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.uow.edu.au/eds/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=64f535d2-7277-440a-9c62-96b073261f67@sessionmgr4006&vid=1&hid=4103, Accessed 22/09/16

Weijters. B, Goedertier. F, Verstreken. S, 2014, Online Music Consumption in Today’s Technological Context: Putting the Influence of Ethics in Perspective, Journal of Business Ethics, Vol. 124 Issue 4, pp. 537–550, http://eds.a.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.uow.edu.au/eds/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=bd088309-cb8b-4d75-90b7-5cc5f341f3d6@sessionmgr4007&vid=1&hid=4103, Accessed 22/09/16

Barkachi. P, 2014, COPYRIGHT IN THE INTERNET AGE, Policy, Vol. 30 No. 3, pp. 21-28, http://eds.a.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.uow.edu.au/eds/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=d4b3da4d-f650-4714-af6a-7d9fc8ff1c9a@sessionmgr4009&vid=1&hid=4103, Accessed 22/09/16

Schwartz.A, Timbolschi-Preoteasa.M, 2015, Transparency in the era of the Internet. Internet Service Providers – the new gatekeepers of communication, Romanian Journal of Journalism & Communication, Vol. 10 Issue 2, pp. 33-44, http://eds.a.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.uow.edu.au/eds/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=12770c0d-166a-46de-99ef-f9aba0a3bbd7@sessionmgr4008&vid=1&hid=4103, Accessed 22/09/16

A Multitasking Generation

On a daily basis my family and I would sit in the lounge room and watch TV programmes together as it was the only time of the day to see each other after a big days work. It would seem that these days technology has hindered social opportunities to express more emotional out cries for missing those we had not seen much of the following day let alone that moment in time. My Parents hardly ever use their phones, only to connect or text message their contacts. My sister on the other hand is at constant stream with hers and doesn’t seem to know a life without it nearby. When sitting down to watch the new ” Star Wars” film, we all wanted to create a home theatre experience in which we had every light turned off. I thought it would be interesting to see how many times my sister would have used her phone as she hardly had any interest in the movie series beforehand. Throughout the film, she had dimmed her light down, however still distracting me from the utter annoyance of a small shining screen.

I wrote a stroke for every time she looked at her phone in which 7 times were recorded with at least 30 second intervals where performed. I had asked her after the movie what made her look at her phone, she had replied smartly ‘I’m popular’, this reflecting on her use of social media sites such as Facebook and her upkeep of daily Instagram followers. She had said that hearing the film still had the same effect on her as watching whilst performing dual screening with her phone and the TV screen. “It dragged on in bits” she had said to which I did agree with her. There was also an instance in which my mum’s phone went off ¾ during the film, to which she ignored. My sister on the other hand did not resonate with the same unconcerned response, but rather in an immediate retort.

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As the internet creates a platform to converge and reciprocate, it has changed reading habits to skimming than carefully observing. My sister in this instance executed this act as her scrolling hand movement was noticeable. The internet’s podium offers data to which people may be at danger of filling their minds with irrelevant and exaggerated misleading’s. This creates a danger for creativity in using innovative technologies, as one may lose their ability to select, reject and critic claims (Maurer. H, 2015 p. 48)

Internet usage has made us adopt new behavioural habits that emphasise cognitive consequences of the constant attack of distractions and disturbances of virtual world usage. It would seem that we are losing the power to concentrate as technology innovations seek to occupy our time and therefore our attention span to the next best investment. Therefore the functioning of memory becomes endangered as our smartphones have collected our life’s contacts and personal information (p. 49). It would seem, don’t you agree that our life is full of passwords. This refracting against the idea of encouraging deep logical thinking. We must keep independent and creative thinking at bay especially if technology may fail. The more we ‘outsource’ onto the internet the more creativity becomes scarce.

As technology becomes more of a natural influence in our daily routine, it consists of a world of ever-changing social touch points. People have acknowledged the way in which technology has made people more forthcoming and exposed, whilst fostering mental agility. Social media and gaming enables one to enter and disengage without a hassle. In paying attention to details, one needs to identify the ‘ narrative’ , some may be concerned with trying to use their crystallise intelligence which is formed from the past or use fluid intelligence which consists of a set of skills at that moment in time. Gamers have a short-term memory capacity to multitask. In a study 67% of children gamers had concentration problems after 3 hours (Brooks. D, 2015).

The average human attention span has decreased from 12 seconds to 8 seconds

In another study it was reported that the average human attention span has decreased from 12 seconds to 8 seconds, however identifying that multitasking has improved as those with more digital lifestyles for instance, multi-screeners or early adopters of technology show deficits in focusing on one particular task. Therefore can choose what they want to be exposed to and engage and may not commit things to memory. A study showed 79 per cent of people “dual screen” by using portable devices while watching TV (Watson. L, 2015).

This concept of dual screening takes media multitasking as way of complementing devices. For instance Twitter is a social media stream that connects with TV programmes (Kätsyri. J, Kinnunen. T, Kusumoto.K ,  Oittinen. P, Ravaja. N, 2016, p. 2). Studies have shown that distractor tasks are unconnected with the primary task, as gaze times counteract attentional indices. The media channels may be harmonising, interconnected or isolated (p. 16)

Advertising on a media space considers the process of ‘breaking through’ and then creating ‘dialog’ to generate persuasion. With ‘noise’ being a major influence in disparity, social network emergence has illustrated seven in ten people multitask whilst watching TV (Angell. R, Gorton. M, Sauer. J, Bottomley. P, White. J, 2016, p. 198). Once devices are used simultaneously, the activity may display social accountability in which memory is retraceable (p. 199). Twitter therefore has a greater social accountability compared to text messaging, as its use of widespread reachability in which posts are put there to be remarked from a wider audience (p. 204).

I hope people don’t base their emotional appeals under the act of smartphone usage or under the distraction of present and potential technologies. This may result to cognitive processes becoming damaged in the future and with that, how we will deal with future real life interactions.

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References

Maurer. H, 2015, Does the Internet Make Us Stupid? , COMMUNICATIONS OF THE ACM, Vol. 58, No. 1, pp. 48- 51, http://eds.a.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.uow.edu.au/eds/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=c505691d-ab91-4e73-98c5-ef9fac5651b5@sessionmgr4006&vid=1&hid=4210, Accessed 17/09/16

Brawer. J, Buckwalter. J, 2015, Violent Video Games May Kill Your Short-Term Focus: Violent video games may negatively affect a player’s attention and concentration on a short term basis after brief exposure, Journal of Young Investigators, Vol. 29 , No. 3,  pp. 7-10, http://eds.a.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.uow.edu.au/eds/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=5a11d72a-6d89-46a8-ab15-131387bc765b@sessionmgr4010&vid=1&hid=4210, Accessed 17/09/16

Brooks. D, 2015, Building attention Spans, The New York times, http://www.nytimes.com/2015/07/10/opinion/david-brooks-building-attention-span.html?_r=0, Accessed 16/09/16

Watson. L, 2015, Humans have shorter attention span than goldfish, thanks to smartphones, the telegraph, http://www.telegraph.co.uk/science/2016/03/12/humans-have-shorter-attention-span-than-goldfish-thanks-to-smart/, Accessed 16/09/16

Kätsyri. J, Kinnunen. T, Kusumoto.K ,  Oittinen. P, Ravaja. N, 2016, Negativity Bias in Media Multitasking: The Effects of Negative Social Media Messages on Attention to Television News Broadcasts, PLoS ONE, Vol. 11 Issue 5, pp. 1-21, http://eds.a.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.uow.edu.au/eds/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=86e4a24c-c8ee-45b6-8bb6-1fc8774c1b20@sessionmgr4006&vid=1&hid=4210, Accessed 16/09/16

Angell. R, Gorton. M, Sauer. J, Bottomley. P, White. J, 2016, Don’t Distract Me When I’m Media Multitasking: Toward a Theory for Raising Advertising Recall and Recognition, Journal of Advertising, 45(2), pp. 198–210, http://eds.a.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.uow.edu.au/eds/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=e9654d00-91a2-407a-b264-1f3e382eadd8@sessionmgr4008&vid=1&hid=4210, Accessed 16/09/16

Between Intrusion and Observation

When someone asks for me to be in a photo, I would always be hesitant in the fact that it would be posted online and as I always refute the pleasure, in most cases I am not happy about how the picture turned out. I am sure we all think in some cases that when others take photos of us we ask them not to post it due to our insecurities of ourselves or because we may have told a few fibs about not attending something in which it turned out we did. So in the case where my sister takes photos of me on a daily basis and outs them on Snapchat for some light humour, I’m unaware of most of these taking place. This brings us to the fact that taking photos of people oblivious of your activities can constitute infringements of a person’s privacy which may establish defamation of that person.

The person who controls the camera controls us (Miles. M, 2015, p. 284)

For people to address their personal right to be photographed, the photographer should stipulate the purposes of the photo, professionally speaking, for either art or research (Colberg. J, 2013). In taking this photo of this person I asked them if I could take their photograph for assignment purposes and informed them that if would be published on my blog site. I implied the fact that it was okay if they did not want to look towards the camera to make them feel more comfortable. People may question the right of street photography if it matters whether the subject is facing towards the camera or if they are faced from the back, this hindering the subject to be recognised directly to protect them, in which most people are more content with, which dehumanizes gesture (Miles. M, 2015, p. 290)

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In the Arts Law Centre of Australia (2016), an Australian judge stated “a person, in our society, does not have a right not to be photographed.” (p. 1). This identifying that there is no right to privacy that protects a person’s image, however taking a photo of a person may be in breach of the Privacy Act 1988, as the image may subside a person’s ‘personal information’. There are circumstances in association with photographing children under the age of 16 which violates the privacy Act accordingly because of using the image for indecent purposes (p. 4). Furthermore New South Wales has introduced laws against offences in filming and photographing someone in when they are engaged in a ‘private act’ in which a person would expect privacy (Miles. M, 2015, p. 270).

I know I am not the only one that has their heart racing when my Facebooks notification tell me that I have been tagged in photos. On Facebook Photo tagging assists users in communicating, exposing; commenting and affection purposes. User motivations for executing joint photo tagging are to recall and search for digital collections of any event, person, and situation or place (Malik. A, Amandeep. D and Nieminen. M, 2015, p. 3). Privacy has facilitated the notion of self-definition, as we try to control the amount of exposure other people can see of us (Miles. M, 2015, p. 278)

Photography has linked the public with the visible, in which we structure, negotiate and experience (Miles. M, 2015, p. 272). Street photography captures the human condition (p. 279), they try to show a different way of artistic practice. Paparazzi indicate consumer culture, we control the circulation of our own image in relation to celebrity trends or brands (p. 283). Celebrities deal with photographer confrontation all the time, so this instance demonstrates our photos can create and be used in perverted, offensive, humiliating or deceptive ways (p. 284)

The right to privacy is not my right to control access to me – it is my right that others be deprived of that access (Miles. M, 2015, p.276)

The issue of authorization in parallel grounds of use, show both the right of the photographer to capture the image in a public place and the personal violation of the subject in that public space. So it is to question if someone took your photograph without or even with permission, how do you know it was used civilly and in respect?

As we all have mobile devices and capture moments that may be posted on a viral broadcasting arena, we cannot automatically take images down of us that easily. Even if your photo was taken at a club or bar on their webpage, everyone is able to access it. That’s goes on to imply the use of Facebook and Instagram and further use of photos that are posted and then reposted for user practice, in which you can report on. Because mobile applications seem to run the world digitally, the app ‘Pokémon Go’ exemplifies the act of ‘localising’ a personals information. This ‘widespread augmented reality’ addresses real places in which virtual character can be discovered and captured on your smartphone (Geist. M, 2016).

As cameras these days seem more subtle in terms of ‘‘spy phones’’ and other mobile devices, It would seem that because our personal devices are at the hand with us constantly, it is easy for us to breach certain privacy laws on a day to day basis as unintended consequences may be the result. Colberg (2013) identifies how street photography is an ‘opportunity’ just as much as a ‘challenge’. As photography is a way to express what their artistic practice inaugurates and how they go about doing it. It is between intrusion and observation. For some people may appear in the same photograph that was intended for another (Miles. M, 2015, p. 287).

References

Street Photographer’s Rights, Arts Law Centre of Australia 2016, pp. 1-13, http://www.artslaw.com.au/images/uploads/Street_photographers_rights_2016.pdf, Accessed 1/09/16

Colberg. J , 2013, The Ethics of Street Photography, Conscientious extended, http://jmcolberg.com/weblog/extended/archives/the_ethics_of_street_photography/, Accessed 01/09/16

Geist. M, 2016, Pokémon Go Craze Brings New “Augmented Reality” Legal Issues Into Light, http://www.michaelgeist.ca/2016/07/pokemon-go-craze-brings-new-augmented-reality-legal-issues-into-light/, Accessed 01/09/16

Malik. A, Amandeep. D and Nieminen. M, 2015, Facebook Photo Tagging Culture and Practices Among Digital Natives, pp. 1-16, https://aaltodoc.aalto.fi/bitstream/handle/123456789/17243/isbn9788896471333.pdf?sequence=1, Accessed 01/09/16

Miles. M, 2015, Photography, Privacy and the Public, Law, Culture and the Humanities, Vol. 11, No. 2, pp. 270–293, http://eds.b.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.uow.edu.au/eds/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=dac9fd9f-1bd8-4bd9-ae27-d7384d2bd0a3@sessionmgr106&vid=1&hid=103, Accessed 01/09/16

The “Dreaming Mind”

You might say the cinema is a dwelling to which one may go to sit and relax, to watch and capture, to hide or escape, or spend time socially or romantically. When venturing to a cinema I feel like I am one of the first people witnessing a new film at the beginning of its time, this may also subsidize why I want to be involved in the movie conversation and opinion/criticism exchange that is comprised of those who saw it as soon as it was released.

Is it customary to appear at the movies with another person or group? It’s normal to watch movies at home by yourself both on the TV/ theatre room or internet so why is the cinema any different? Would you say that the experience embraces the ideals to feel, interpret and respond with another person? As a popular social activity, cinema going undermines Hägerstrand’s three categories of limitations, or “constraints”, these involve Capability, Coupling and Authority. These constraints outline our ability to do what we plan for, however in the fact that “we can’t be in two places at once”, time and travel need to be communicated. For time is taken at a particular place with the interaction of people to create or accomplish tasks. There are gatekeepers that lengthen our limits to certain people, groups or places (Corbett. J, 2001, p. 2).

It is in that respect that cinema going is a coupled experience. We have the capability of travelling to the desired destination or have meeting times. We inevitably engage when we can question something in order to get a response in return. Feelings that are felt, captivate moments in order for one to escape to another domain whilst the outside world is still mobile. It would seem that time stops. Being still for a moment in time and then suddenly realising hours have gone past. After the movie, in my experiences I feel changed, because of the large spacious room that is elevated towards a giant projector screen, your eyes are fixated. The screen demands your attention and therefore we have nothing else to capture our eyes.

What happens at the theatre is just like what happens in regular life: we have perceptions, we form beliefs about what we perceive and these beliefs have various cognitive functions, such as activating emotional responses (Quilty-Dunn. J, 2014, p.. 269)

Cinema experiences vary between individuals, for some may not be able to sit still, some get unrested easily and use their phones, some have to go to the toilet during the screening, others talk to interpret understanding or many may be too involved to release themselves from the screen as they are in deep thought and contemplating what it feels like to be in that situation. It feels as if we live it ourselves. On the screening of Jurassic world, my sister and I went to watch it in Gold Class, as massive fans of the Jurassic park trilogy it was not with an ounce of hesitation that we would not go and watch it. The noises, rumble and wide spread colour movements intensified the effect on my viewing experience and that of my sister. When asking a viewer whether the fictional is really happening, they would automatically say it was make believe, however when viewing the movie at that time our reactions to certain scenes for instance frantically running away when viewing a monster put forward before us come into play (Quilty-Dunn. J, 2014, p. 270).

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The cinematic experience involves the imaginative practice of ‘make-believe’, with the activation of moving images it develops our ‘dreaming mind’ (p. 270). We acknowledge attitudes during our viewing time, such as desiring, wondering, doubting, and denying, which cause emotional responses (p. 272). As people feel before they think, our behaviour after watching a movie often make us behave irrationally (p. 276) for instance when I had watched the conjuring for the first time at the cinema, when I got home I could not help myself but to keep an eye on my bedroom door, or if dark shades moved unexpectedly.

In comparing Gold Class and the normally everyday cinema, it feels like separate spaces for two different types of experiences. Gold Class did feel more leisurely like I was on my lounge at home, with my own space perimeter to stretch my legs. It wasn’t necessary to buy and bring in food beforehand as we were waited on with different beverages and cooked snacks.

The coupling constraint also may utilise the idea of interference of others during the screening of a film. As people go everywhere with their phones, it seems that most people cannot turn them off. People’s unrest may result in kicking your seat or asking them to be quiet, or even causing you to move seats yourself to separate yourself from the prying. The Ushers would assist in this matter walking through the cinema and only to make their voices discreet.

It would seem that time, travel and cost are the three issues to the average cinema goer.  The Environment of watching a movie changes but the practice of going to the movies has not changed. Cinemas represent gatekeepers in respect to authority, in access to food, access to the movie and access to your assigned seat. People who tend not to want to contribute to cinema expenditure seem to either wait for the film to come to DVD or download it from the internet. These solutions accommodate different audience’s experiences in order to control the amount of exposure, in permitting mute options, skipping scenes and pausing when the time is inconvenient. There is no need for identification and no need for a wardrobe change.

I myself value leaving the house to go to a place that is a destination for new life experiences in film with the company of other people. However I do prefer choosing my own sit then being assigned to one and in most cases someone else has taken my allocation. As the practice is for you to purposelessly go to watch a film it resonates with the fact that being placed in a large dark space hinders outside distractions and fixes you in a position for an ultimate viewing experience.

References

Corbett. J, 2001, Torsten Hӓgerstrand, Time Geography, CSISS Classics, pp. 1-4, https://moodle.uowplatform.edu.au/pluginfile.php/690394/mod_resource/content/2/Hagerstrands%20time%20geography%20%28Corbett%29.pdf, Accessed 23/08/16

Quilty-Dunn. J, 2014, Believing Our Eyes: The Role of False Belief in the Experience of Cinema, British Journal of Aesthetics, http://eds.b.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.uow.edu.au/eds/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=fd169d08-9bed-4f5c-a6d9-3708ae2afb83@sessionmgr107&vid=1&hid=127, pp. 270-283, Accessed 28/08/16